Background information

Mercy & Grace is registered as a Non-Profit charity with the rules and regulations of the government of India. Mercy & Grace have received all the permits from the State & the Central Government of India. Mercy and Grace has been approved by Income Tax of India and Local Revenue Department. Mercy and Grace received appreciation and Merit Certificate from the District Collector, Police Department, Deputy Chief Minister and Local Magistrate.

Mercy and Grace charity is focusing children, young people, women and Care for the Aged in the villages, slums, towns and nearby cities. Mercy and Grace charity distributed Rice, Food, Clothing, Health and School Supplies. Mercy and Grace are supplied Sewing Machines for the poorest of the poor women in the villages, after training in Tailoring in 6 months to 1 year, the women who got the training they made new clothes and repair old clothes and got daily income and improved their life from the poverty line.

Mercy & Grace are running a Home and School for educating the poor, Street and orphan children since 1997, by the Founders and Trustees of Mr. B. Madhava Rao & Mrs B. Nirmala Kumari both coupled. Mrs. B. Nirmala Kumari who donated the land for the School Building and Mr. B. Madhava Rao who donated towards the cost of the building, as he worked in the Government Bank job and he Voluntarily retired from his job in year 2000 and spending full time for charity activities to uplift the Poor & Needy without Caste, color, Creed and Religion.

The Rcc Roof Building is constructed with minimum facilities and provided safety and security and good environment for the children those who are getting a residential education and provided residential facilities for donors, sponsors and volunteers.

The Rural Area where the project is to be implemented is famous for agricultural operations, and agriculture is the primary occupation of the people as irrigation facility is provided with canals of the river. However despite these irrigation facilities the economic standard of the people in these areas is very low, especially among the vulnerable sections of the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes. The main reason for this disparity is high concentration of wealth in a small group of 18%, belonging to the upper strata of the society. Even small and marginal farmers have to struggle a lot, to bring their lands under cultivation, as they do not possess any assets or financial ability. Ultimately they have to depend on money lenders, naturally these money lending and land owing class takes advantage of this situation, render loans with exorbitant rate of interest and expect payments in kind by fixing low price to the farmer’s produce, usually the paddy.

In this situation another victim is woman, the exploitation on backward communities is a common feature in the society and the same is meted on women. Though she plays a major role in family maintenance, economy, child development etc., the due recognition is not given to her from any corner of the society. She starts her life in the small hours of the day to arrange comforts to others and works in the fields on par with men. Despite all these jobs she is neither regarded nor paid wages on par with men. The exploitative system is meted on women from the very beginning of her childhood. She is not sent to school and she has to take care of younger siblings and assist her mother in household work.

With regard to the field of Education there is a lot to be seen critically especially in the context of the micro realities. Though there are primary schools in most of the villages around Hanuman Junction, drop rate is very high. Around 45% of the children drop out before they could complete their 5th standard, while another 35% before reaching the high school. The residuary percentage of the children reach school final with great difficulty. Even this section of the children come from the middle class families or the families with economic support, but certainly not from the poor. The poor consider children as economic value and sending children to school would mean economic loss to them.

Children at risk - a challenge for child activities

The State of Andhra Pradesh, ranks fifth in terms of population with 66,508,008 and that works out to 8.64% of Indian population of 84,63,03,688. Out of this all India percentage of population of children works out to 36% of the total population, divided in the following order of age groups : 0-4 yrs.-12.85% and 5-14 yrs.—23.15% of the total population. It can be safely worked out that 23.15% of the in A.P. too are in the age group of 5-14 with slight difference in the margin of about 3.15%. Without being contradicted even by Government sources, it works out to an average of 20% of the total populationof the state.

Children at risk

Child Labour:
Andhra Pradesh has the dubious distinction of having the highest number of children labor in the whole of India with 1.95 million (1981) and in 1991 it is estimated to be over 3.5 million.

The figure doesn’t include bonded child labor, child labor in villages and remote trible areas and children employed in unorganized sector located in unregistered work places like domestic child labor, migrating construction work force and children doing labor in homes an handing over the finished products to small industrial establishment for petty compensation, disproportionate to the labor involved.

Gender Composition In Child Labor

Analyzing the gender composition of child workers in the state reveals interesting data. 58% of all child workers are boys and 42% are girls. 7.29% of the total female child population in Andhra Pradesh are workers, while comparable all India average is 2.95% only. In Andhra Pradesh, as is true of all India scenario, more girls are engaged as agricultural labour than boys.

Andhra Pradesh ranks 7th state in terms of people living below poverty line with 195.7 lakhs of people (33.7%) that is slightly less than one third of the total population. More than 70% of them belong to the unskilled agricultural labour class.

Bonded Children : It is estimated that there are ten million bonded child labourers or slaves in India. In Andhra Pradesh, the bonded children must be over a million by most conservative estimate.

Child Sex Workers: Child sex workers, mostly girl children (for instance, Child Devadasis and Jogins) represent the most abominable manifestation of exploitation of the child and therefore demand action at once.

Where does this problem begin? The child is prostituted with the collusion of his or her family.

Female children discrimination

* Three times as many girl children die as boys due to malnutrition or murder.
* The literacy rate in India is 39% for women adn 64% for men illustrating the unequal educational opportunities.
* Girls are still given less all occasions of food and health care than their male counterparts.
* Female infanticide.
* The killing of female foetus.

Children marriage

* As per 1981 Census the percentage of married children in the age group of 0-14 in rural ares was 5.4% for boys and 15.59% for girls.

Nutrition and health care

* 11,000 children die every day due to preventable diseases and it is estimated that 1.5 million children die every year because of diarreoha alone. The contributing factors to these unnecessary deaths include over populations, lack of health care resources in rural tribes, and a lack of education in nutrition and health.

Physical violence and sexual abuse

* Child battering and injuring the child physically by the parents, teachers and others in authority.
* Sexual abuse of the child: some estimates show that in 30% to 50% incidents, the offenders are family members, close relatives, neighbours and friends and 80% of children know their attackers.
* Traditional themes of the sanctity of the family, prerogatives of parents and children viewed as parental property, have protected abusive families from inspection and intervention by society.
* That so many of the children brought to the detention center reported abuse as the primary reason for their presence on the streets suggests that child abuse should no longer be called a family matter that can continue to persist behind closed doors.

Happy children

Many children are being hampered today in their growing-up years by the neglect, confusion, pressures, and such like that are being exerted upon them. Children should be given the chance to be children and to be happy, and grow up straight. Happy children are those who have loving, caring parents -both parents. A father and mother who care for their children, not spoiling but being devoted, contribute greatly to the happiness of their offspring.

Happy children are those who have encouragement. They are children who are praised for what they are capable of doing and who do it.

Happy children are those who are properly disciplined, but not abused. What a despicable thing it is to abuse a child. Proper correction is not abuse. Many children grow up knowing only they heavy hand of unnecessary hurt and the ugly voice of a temper tantrum from parents or other adults. How often a child’s life is tormanted by sexual abuse by a parent - or some other adult.

Happy children are those who are allowed to play, children need play time for balanced development. A child is more than a brain or a body. He/She needs to grow up as a whole person. In play, children learn the give and take of life. Happy children are those who are taught about the loving God. Children, as a general rule, having no trouble believing in God. They should be taught of God’s reality, love and care for them..